Availability of inexpensive energy has long been identified as a key element for economic prosperity and national security. For decades, the energy industry has been a driver of research on new materials and tools for thermophysical property measurement. The production of hydrocarbons for meeting our energy needs and providing raw materials to the petrochemical industry will continue to be a dominant industry driver for decades to come. However, it is now recognized that production and use of hydrocarbons comes with an environmental cost. Therefore, emissions associated with hydrocarbon use and surface subsidence in areas around reservoirs will continue to be areas of important research.
Among the primary needs of the petroleum and natural gas industries are:
The Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering has established a reputation in most of these key areas. Professors Hirasaki and Biswal are developing novel techniques to improve recovery of hydrocarbons using surfactant-based approaches. These methods have also been shown to be effective for environmental remediation. The NMR laboratory established by the late Professor Riki Kobayashi and now directed by Professor Hirasaki is providing fundamental information to expand the usefulness of down hole NMR logs for reservoir characterization.
Research on gas hydrates, was initiated at Rice 50 years ago in Professor Kobayashiâ€™s lab. Professor Chapman has taken over this work and expanded it through the introduction of molecular modeling methods. In addition, a new initiative was formed within the Shell Center for Sustainability to combine the hydrate energy research with geologic information in order to understand the historical impact of gas hydrates on climate change on the earth. This initiative is led by Professors Chapman and Hirasaki from Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and Professor Dickens from Earth Science.